About PanayCon

Conservation + 
Community-based work
Recent publications
Cooperation, links
Panay Eco-Social Conservation Project
Nature for the people
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     Importance of the forest for the people - value of ecosystems

     Protection of the forest and reforestation
     Watershed management


Unlike many regions of the Philippines, the NW Panay peninsula still has last significant stands of primary, low elevation rainforest remaining, which are valuable as gene banks for rehabilitation of deforested areas in the entire biogeographic region of the West Visayas. Tree cutting and kaingin (= slash and burn agriculture), however, continue locally unchecked, and the cumulative effect of such activities is a point of concern to many communities. Some large areas of the peninsula and the CMPR have already been largely denuded and are in need of restoration.

The value of ecosystems for humans, local and global economy is often underestimated as compared to the value of timber, meat and other products gained by its short-term exploitation and destruction.

                        retains water
The forest retains water, providing a steady supply
and protection from flooding after rainstorms
Photo: I. Frank, PanayCon
The roots of tree fix the soil
Photo: I. Frank

                        streets clogged
Where the forest has cut down, severe rainfall
may cause landslides
Photo: A. Demegillo, PanayCon
House buried in mud
Photo: A. Demegillo, PanayCon
Value of ecosystems
Costanza et al. in 1997 published a much-discussed attempt to estimate the value of services of ecosystems, such as nutrient cycling, soil formation, food production, erosion control, water supply, climate regulation, pollination and genetic resources; the minimum value for the entire biosphere was estimated to be in the range of 16–54 US$ trillion per year, with an average of 33 trillion per year, which was considerably higher than the then global gross national product total of around 18 trillion US$ per year.
Costanza, R., d´Arge, R., de Groot, R., Farber, S., Grasso, M., Hannon, B., Limburg, K., Neaaam, S., O´Neill, R. V., Paruelo, J., Raskin, R. G., Sutton, P. & van den Belt, M. (1997): The value of the world’s ecosystem services and natural capital. Nature 387: 253 - 260   Online copy

More literature for instance:

Bengtsson, J. J., Jones, H. H. & Setälä, H. H. (1997): The value of biodiversity. Trends Ecol Evol 12: 334 - 336

Perrins, C. A., Maler, K.-G., Falke, C., Holling, C. S. & Jansson, B.-O. (eds.) (1995): Biodiversity loss: economic and ecological issues. Cambridge University Press, USA. ISBN-10: 0521471788, ISBN-13: 978-0521471787.

Ranganathan, J., Raudsepp-Hearne, C., Lucas, N., Irwin, F., Zurek, M., Bennett, K., Ash, N. & West, P (2008): Ecosystem services - a guide for decision makers. World Resources Institute. ISBN 978-1-56973-669-2 Online copy

Our current work

Protection of the forest and reforestation

PanayCon´s work for preservation of the rainforest starts with the work of forest rangers taking action against illegal logging and poaching, supported by conservation awareness measures (see our page about community work). Chain saws are confiscated or surrendered. For native animal species which are important for regeneration of a healthy natural forest, specific protection is provided (see our page about seed dispersers

                      cut down
Forest clear-felled illegally
Photo: L. Rosenbaum
Chain saws used for illegal logging are confiscated or
voluntarily exchanged for rice. Photo: PanayCon

                      rangers at work
                      of confiscated timber
Forest rangers at work - data collection in an illegally logged area
Photo: A. Sternemann
Transport of confiscated illegal timber
Photo: PanayCon

Our reforestation program includes tree seedling nurseries for rearing native tree species, well-protected against birds. This program, beside options for reforestation with native species, provides an income for local people by sale of seedlings for reforestating other regions.

Work in
                      tree nursery
Forest rangers at work - data collection in an illegally logged area
Photo: A. Sternemann
Transport of confiscated illegal timber
Photo: PanayCon
Tree seedlinfg nursery
Inside the tree seedling nursery at San Juan (Photo: A. Sternemann, PanayCon)

Watershed management

The NW Panay peninsula`s still relatively intact forested watersheds are very important for protection of the people, for water supply and agriculture.

The poster below is an example for the problems caused both by destruction of forests and poisoning through mining. The poster is based on an idea and draft by Guntram Meier (InGRIP animal / pest control for conservation); copyright: PanayCon.
The figure may be used for free for other projects, PanayCon must then be quoted. For a higher resolution copy of this poster (file size about 830 KB), please click here.

Protect the water - small


Alternative livelihood, agricultural improvement and Ecotourism: see our page about community work 


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Panay Eco-Social Conservation Project  -  Conservation Biology Unit, Ruhr-University Bochum
Last amendment: 10 June 2013